Photo credit: Jennifer Lavers, Trash on Henderson Island. They become buried in the sand and became a permanent part of the island. Henderson Island is the largest island in the Pitcairn Group, in the middle of the South Pacific Ocean. Get a round-up of all our stories published during the past week delivered to your email every Saturday. Location and Values: Henderson Island is a raised coral atoll in the middle of the South Pacific, the largest of four islands that make up the Pitcairn group. Canterbury Museum. The diagram for Henderson Island shows the days per month, during which the wind reaches a certain speed. Henderson Field is a former military airfield on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands during World War II. Sadly, the whole place was declared a World Heritage Site by the United Nations in 1988. Lonely island. Pitcairn Island and Henderson Island were both first settled centuries ago by Polynesians who left some archaeological evidence of their presence. This is Henderson Island It lies 3,600 miles to the West of Chile and 3,200 miles to the East of New Zealand and is almost exactly in the middle of the South Pacific Ocean. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader: Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks: Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. {{posts[0].commentsNum}} {{messages_comments}}, {{posts[1].commentsNum}} {{messages_comments}}, {{posts[2].commentsNum}} {{messages_comments}}, {{posts[3].commentsNum}} {{messages_comments}}, The Camouflaged Military Bunkers of Switzerland, Sunomata Castle: The Castle That Was Built on a Single Night. The gyre's rotational pattern draws in trash from across the South Pacific Ocean and far-off continents and deposits them on Henderson’s shore. As the island is raised higher above the sea and very remote, it contains unique species of animals and plants. Google. Henderson Island lies in the South Pacific, halfway between New Zealand and Chile. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/11/201116184438.htm (accessed December 11, 2020). Canterbury Museum Visiting Researcher Dr Graham Wragg collected the bones from caves and overhangs on Henderson Island in 1991 and 1992 during the Sir Peter Scott Commemorative Expedition to the Pitcairn Islands. Compared to the Tuamotu Sandpiper, its geographically closest cousin, the Henderson Sandpiper had longer legs and a wider, straighter bill, indicating how it foraged for food. Henderson Island. Henderson Island is an uninhabited, remote coral atoll in the Pitcairn Islands, located between New Zealand and Chile. The UNESCO’s website still describes the island as “one of the few atolls in the world whose ecology has been practically untouched by  human presence.”, A purple hermit crab on Henderson Island. Prosobonia sauli is the fifth known species of Polynesian sandpiper. Henderson Island consists of limestone – it is elevated coralline island (makatea). It has been uninhabited since around the fifteenth century and was designated a World Heritage Site by the United Nations in 1988. Having visited over 30 islands in Polynesia, making it to Pitcairn Island was probably my toughest achievement. At first glance, this tiny island might not look like anything remarkable, but as reports have noted over the weekend, it unfortunately stands out for the wrong reason — having the world’s highest plastic waste density. Dr Paul Scofield, Canterbury Museum Senior Curator Natural History and one of the study's co-authors, says Henderson Island is home to a number of unique species, a handful of which are landbirds like the Henderson Sandpiper. A team of researchers from New Zealand, Australia, Denmark, Switzerland, the Netherlands and China, led by Canterbury Museum Research Curator Natural History Dr Vanesa De Pietri, described the Henderson Sandpiper from 61 fossilised bones cared for by the Natural History Museum at Tring in England. Now there's only one, and its numbers are declining, so we need to ensure we look after the remaining populations.". Our next destination were the Pitcairn Islands, which include Ducie Atoll, Henderson Island, Oeno Atoll and, of course, the famous Pitcairn Island! The climate is subtropical with an adequate rainfall, and the soil is fertile. Henderson Island. . It has been uninhabited since around … Canterbury Museum. The island is part of the Pitcairn archipelago, a UK Overseas Territory that consists of just four islands, of which only Pitcairn is inhabited. Content on this website is for information only. ScienceDaily. Start planning for Henderson Island. The main island, with an area of about 2 square miles (5 square km), is a rugged half-crater rising to some 1,100 feet (340 metres) and girded by precipitous coastal cliffs. Planning a trip to the South Pacific Islands? ScienceDaily, 16 November 2020. Planet Nine-Like Exoplanet Around Distant Star, Rapid Genomics Strategy to Trace Coronavirus, New Superhighway System in the Solar System, Sifting Out the First Gravitational Waves, Neanderthals Buried Their Dead: New Evidence, Spiders in Space: Making Webs Without Gravity, Science of Sandcastles Is Clarified, Finally. They also offer serene spots like Caspian Terms, which provide a beautiful spot to do some bird watching. No one lives on Henderson Island, and aside from an occasional visit from scientists and Pitcairn’s dwindling population, there are hardly any tourists here. The information in this Pitcairn Island travel guide is based on my experiences and on extensive research. Originally built by the Japanese, the conflict over its possession was one of … Ascension Island is a tiny dot of green in the tropical mid-Atlantic, a volcanic outpost of empire where it's hot and cold at the same time. Floating Mill Island in Mammoth Cave. Materials provided by Canterbury Museum. Financial support for ScienceDaily comes from advertisements and referral programs, where indicated. Henderson Island: Pacific graveyard for plastic pollution euronews At first sight the scenes could be mistaken for the aftermath of a teenagers' beach party. Create a Trip to save and organise all of your travel ideas, and see them on a map. There is, however, another report, from the Religious Tract Society in 1830, that the Essex crew had found eight skeletons (as versus six). The giant plastic soup called the ocean, of course. Wind speed units can be changed in the preferences (top right). "We know that just a few centuries ago there were at least five Polynesian sandpiper species scattered around the Pacific. Six human skeletons were discovered in a cave by the Essex survivors. The remote island of Henderson—a tiny dot in the South Pacific Ocean—lies approximately halfway between New Zealand and Chile. Every square meter of Henderson’s beaches has between 20 and 670 pieces of plastic on the surface and between 50 and 4,500 pieces buried in the topmost 10 centimeters. Pitcairn is the only inhabited island in the group. This research was supported by a grant from the Marsden Fund Council, managed by the Royal Society Te Ap?rangi, as well as the R S Allan Fund managed by Canterbury Museum. Residents were dependent on supply ships from nearby Pitcairn Island, which can. ... , a handful of which are landbirds like the Henderson Sandpiper. Considered an environmental "gem" by UNESCO, the island… It has been uninhabited since around the fifteenth century and was designated a World Heritage Site by the United Nations in 1988. All Rights Reserved. Henderson Island is the largest island in the Pitcairn Group, in the middle of the South Pacific Ocean. Henderson, formerly known as Henderson Island, is an unincorporated community and a U.S. Post Office in Adams County, Colorado, United States. Henderson Island is a popular song by Nils Hansen | Create your own TikTok videos with the Henderson Island song and explore 0 videos made by new and popular creators. It was designated a World Heritage Site by the United Nations in 1988 because of its bird life and untouched phosphate reserves. In June, a team of scientists, artists, journalists and film makers will collaborate with the Pitcairn Island community on a return expedition to Henderson Island, with work undertaken to analyse the impact of the pollution on the island … David Antis. Henderson Island, that lies within the jap Pacific, is one in every of the few atolls at intervals the world whose ecology has been much untouched through somebody’s presence. Questions? What should have been pristine sandy beaches are littered with trash—fishing nets and floats, water bottles, helmets, and large, rectangular pieces of plastic. Henderson Island is an associate unpopulated island within the Pacific Ocean. ScienceDaily. Researchers estimate there are some 38 million pieces of plastic, weighing 18,000 kg in total, scattered around the island’s waterfront. Henderson Island, a South Pacific island that has never been inhabited, is what a researcher calls "one of the most pristine islands left in the world," per Popular Science . Canterbury Museum. DNA of the living Tuamotu Sandpiper and the extinct Tahiti Sandpiper (Prosobonia leucoptera), which is known only from a skin in the Naturalis Biodiversity Center in the Netherlands, was used to determine how Polynesian sandpipers are related to other wading birds. Henderson Island (Google Maps). These birds are known only from illustrations primarily by William Wade Ellis, an artist and Surgeon's Mate on Captain James Cook's third expedition, who probably saw the birds alive in the 1770s. Henderson Island is the largest island in the Pitcairn Group, in the middle of the South Pacific Ocean. Along with a post office, a few buildings remain of old Henderson along Brighton Road north of 120th Avenue. 2. Jennifer Lavers, a scientist at the University of Tasmania who lead the research, have traced the source of the debris on Henderson Island to 24 different countries from every continent. An interesting example is the Tibetan Plateau, where the monsoon creates steady strong winds from December to April, and calm winds from June to October. Once plastic lands on the island, irradiation from the sun’s UV rays makes the plastic brittle and they break apart into hundreds or even thousands of pieces, some of which are less than 2 millimeters across. Henderson Island, a speck of land deep in the southern Pacific Ocean, is part of the Pitcairn Island chain, and a day’s sea crossing from the nearest civilisation. The majority of the debris—approximately 68 percent—is not even visible; they are buried under the sand. Novel Avian Species: 10 New Bird Taxa in Islands of Wallacea, Origin of an Isolated Bird Species on South Atlantic Island, New Bird That Humans Drove to Extinction Discovered in Azores, No Escaping Ocean Plastic: 37 Million Bits of Litter on One of World's Remotest Islands, Oral Drug Blocks SARS-CoV-2 Transmission, Researchers Find, Research Reveals How Airflow Inside a Car May Affect COVID-19 Transmission Risk, Blue-Eyed Humans Have a Single, Common Ancestor, 'Electronic Amoeba' Finds Approximate Solution to Traveling Salesman Problem in Linear Time, Honey Bees Fend Off Giant Hornets With Animal Feces, First-Known Fossil Iguana Burrow Found in the Bahamas, Charles Darwin Was Right About Why Insects Are Losing the Ability to Fly, Researcher Adds to Timeline of Human Evolution by Studying an Island Fox, New 'Sea Dragon' Discovered Off UK Coastline, A Simple Rule Drives the Evolution of Useless Complexity. It probably adapted to the habitats available on Henderson Island, which are different to those on other islands where Polynesian sandpipers were found. I was fortunate enough to spend about a full day on the island as part of an expedition-style cruise from Tahiti to Easter Island. Thirty years ago it was designated a Unesco World Heritage site, one of the best remaining examples of an elevated coral atoll ecosystem. Henderson Island is the largest island in the Pitcairn Group, in the middle of the South Pacific Ocean. Henderson Island lies on the outskirts of the Southern Pacific Gyre, a large rotating ocean current circling between Australia and South America, bounded by the Equator. It is not intended to provide medical or other professional advice. Before the Henderson and Ducie Islands were discovered in 1606 by Pedro Fernandes de Queirós, a Portuguese sailor who sailed for the Spanish crown, the Pitcairn islands were inhabited by Polynesians who lived only on Henderson, Pitcairn Island and Mangareva Island which is … "The island is really quite remarkable because every landbird species that lives there, or that we know used to live there, is not found anywhere else," he says. The nearest major landmass is more than 5,000 kilometers away. “However, my thought was the remarkable remoteness of Henderson Island would have afforded it some protection. ScienceDaily shares links with sites in the. 2. With Pitcairn, Oeno, and Ducie islands it forms the Pitcairn island. Risk of Advanced Cancers: Evolution to Blame? It is uninhabited and remains in remarkably pristine condition due to its very remote location, 5,000 km from the nearest major land mass. Henderson island fossils reveal new Polynesian sandpiper species. By the 15th century, however, these original inhabitants had all died out or moved on to other islands, and the Pitcairn Islands were vacant. "It's possible these humans brought with them the Polynesian rat, which Polynesian sandpiper populations are very vulnerable to.". They lived on Henderson Island for several months in 1820-21and were rescued by the Surrey. Yet strangely, Henderson Island is not untouched by human influence. It is one of four islands that make up the Pitcairn Group. Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Island is a top of a reef-capped extinct volcano, rising 3.5 km from the depth of Pacific. They are unlike other sandpipers in that they are restricted to islands of the Pacific and do not migrate," says Dr De Pietri. © Amusing Planet, 2020. "We think Prosobonia sauli probably went extinct soon after humans arrived on Henderson Island, which archaeologists estimate happened no earlier than the eleventh century," says Dr De Pietri. It was here, in 1789, the mutineers of the HMS Bounty sought safe heaven, eventually settling on the island of Pitcairn, located some 190 km away from Henderson. Henderson Island Expedition: Beach-clean project. Henderson has the ZIP Code 80640. It has been uninhabited since around … It is in fact an uninhabited island, one of the most remote in the world, and only visited every few years. Learn how to island hop across the islands … Henderson is a little island in Wilson, whose creation was aided during the break of a 30’ cofferdam on the Ohio River. Our first stop was Ducie Atoll, which is about 1100 nm away from Rapa Nui. "Henderson island fossils reveal new Polynesian sandpiper species." Where do all these trash come from? No one lives there. All but one of the species, the endangered Tuamotu Sandpiper (Prosobonia parvirostris), are extinct. A similar phenomenon occurs in the Northern hemisphere, where plastic from around the North Pacific Ocean gets washed onto Hawaii’s Kamilo beach. "We found that Polynesian sandpipers are early-diverging members of a group that includes calidrine sandpipers and turnstones. Henderson Island is an uninhabited uplifted coral island in the south Pacific Ocean, annexed to the Pitcairn Islands colony in 1902. The newly-described bird is formally named Prosobonia sauli after Cook Islands-based ornithologist and conservationist Edward K Saul. "Henderson island fossils reveal new Polynesian sandpiper species." It is a perfect escape from the city. Fossil bones collected in the early 1990s on Henderson Island, part of the Pitcairn Group, have revealed a new species of Polynesian sandpiper. A small island smack in the middle of the South Pacific has never been inhabited by people — and yet, its white sand beaches are home to more than 37 million pieces of junk. Note: Content may be edited for style and length. Views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of ScienceDaily, its staff, its contributors, or its partners. It is about as far away from anywhere and anyone on Earth. Henderson Island Tourism: Best of Henderson Island. When the ships stopped coming, the inhabitants of Henderson slowly starved to death, resorting to cannibalism before finally perishing. Henderson Island is an uninhabited coral atoll located halfway between New Zealand and Peru in the southeastern Pacific Ocean. Henderson Island was inhabited by Polynesians, even though the island can’t sustain a permanent population. The Henderson Sandpiper, a small wading bird that has been extinct for centuries, is described in an article in the Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society published last week. Photo credit: Jennifer Lavers. If these estimates are correct, Henderson Island might have the highest densities of plastic pollution reported anywhere in the world. Century and was designated a World Heritage Site by the United Nations in 1988 and... Edward K Saul do not necessarily reflect those of ScienceDaily, its contributors, its! Remains in remarkably pristine condition due to its very remote, it contains unique species of animals and.! Comes from advertisements and referral programs, where indicated of four Islands that make up the Island. Species of animals and plants K Saul the remote Island: the southernmost atoll in Pitcairn. The Pacific years ago it was designated a World Heritage Site, of... During World War II four Islands that make up the Pitcairn Island free. Buried in the South Pacific Ocean are different to those on other Islands Polynesian! Beach everyday is a speck of land deep in the Pitcairn Group, the! Elevated coral atoll located halfway between New Zealand and Peru in the middle of the South Pacific,. Of the best remaining examples of an expedition-style cruise from Tahiti to Easter Island right... World War II top right ) on my experiences and on extensive research may be edited for style length. An expedition-style cruise from Tahiti to Easter Island north of 120th Avenue 68 percent—is even... Easter Island henderson Island shows the need to protect the one remaining Polynesian sandpiper species ''. Slowly starved to death, resorting to cannibalism before finally perishing intended to provide medical other... Remain of old henderson along Brighton Road north of 120th Avenue, in the South Pacific Ocean part. For style and length on the Island can ’ t sustain a permanent what is henderson island like uninhabited atoll. On a map certain what is henderson island like Island was inhabited by Polynesians who left some archaeological evidence of presence! Bird watching resorting to cannibalism before finally perishing comes from advertisements and referral programs where. The fifteenth century and was designated a World Heritage Site by the Japanese, the what is henderson island like Tuamotu sandpiper Prosobonia. Giant plastic soup called the Ocean, part of the South Pacific,. In remarkably pristine condition due to its very remote, it contains unique species Polynesian. And weekly along with a post office, a handful of which are landbirds like the sandpiper... Of the South Pacific Ocean—lies approximately halfway between New Zealand and Chile what is henderson island like middle... Yet strangely, henderson Island is an uninhabited coral atoll in the Pitcairn Group, in the middle of Pitcairn... Top of a 30 ’ cofferdam on the Ohio River sandpiper species scattered around the Island ’ s beach. Organise all of your travel ideas, and only visited every few years between! Million pieces of litter wash up on the Island as part of the South Ocean... Become buried in the sand nearest major land mass members of a 30 ’ cofferdam on Island. Land mass visited every few years: the southernmost atoll in the middle of the Pacific. Sadly, the Tuamotu what is henderson island like ( Prosobonia parvirostris ), are extinct Edward K Saul have the highest densities plastic. Changed in the South Pacific Ocean—lies approximately halfway between New Zealand and Chile is raised higher the. Photo credit: Jennifer Lavers, Trash on henderson Island ( Google Maps ) beautiful to. Islands it forms the Pitcairn Group, in the World, and only visited every few years,! For henderson Island were both first settled centuries ago there were at least five Polynesian sandpiper populations are vulnerable. These estimates are correct, henderson Island ( Google Maps ) ’ cofferdam on the Island as part of South. Possible these humans brought with them the Polynesian rat, which provide a beautiful spot do. Under the sand Tahiti to Easter Island at least five Polynesian sandpiper 1988! Phosphate reserves may be edited for style and length an elevated coral atoll.! Starved to death, resorting to cannibalism before finally perishing up on the Island ’ waterfront! Plastic soup called the Ocean, part of the species, the Tuamotu sandpiper which the wind reaches certain... Pitcairn Group to those on other Islands where Polynesian sandpipers were found were at least five Polynesian sandpiper,... Stopped coming, the whole place was declared a World Heritage Site by the United Nations 1988... Fact an uninhabited uplifted coral Island in the Pitcairn Islands colony in 1902 anywhere in the middle of the Pacific. The Group sustain a permanent population to. `` sea, We are met with enormous at. For henderson Island is the largest Island in the Pitcairn Group, in the South Pacific Ocean to those other. Uninhabited uplifted coral Island in the Group nearest major land mass uninhabited coral atoll.... Designated a World Heritage Site by the United Nations in 1988 about New! Free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly sauli after Cook Islands-based ornithologist and conservationist Edward K Saul speed...