Other examples include the PJM hybrids, formed from a cross between Rhododendron carolinianum and R. dauricum, and named after Peter J. Mezitt of Weston Nurseries, Massachusetts. Red Rhododendron is the favorite national flower symbol of the Nepali people. Remember us for trekking in Nepal. Of the first two of these, the species are predominantly found in the area of the Himalayas and Southwest China (Sino-Himalayan Region). Exbury hybrids – derived from the Knap Hill hybrids, developed by, Ghent (Gandavense) hybrids – Belgian raised, Knap Hill hybrids – developed by Anthony Waterer at the, Mollis hybrids – Dutch and Belgian raised, New Zealand Ilam hybrids – derived from Knap Hill/Exbury hybrids, Rustica Flore Pleno hybrids – sweet-scented, double-flowered, Gable hybrids – raised by Joseph B. Gable in, Glenn Dale hybrids – US raised complex hybrids, Indian (Indica) hybrids – mostly of Belgian origin, Kyushu hybrids – very hardy Japanese azaleas (to −30 °C), Oldhamii hybrids – dwarf hybrids raised at, Satsuki hybrids – Japanese raised, originally for, Vuyk (Vuykiana) hybrids – raised in the Netherlands, Azaleodendrons – semi-evergreen hybrids between deciduous azaleas and rhododendrons, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 15:23.  In 2011 the two species of Diplarche were also added to Rhododendron, incertae sedis.. In addition, rhododendrons can easily be suffocated by other plants or evergreen trees that grow up around them and block sunlight. Sleumer based his system on the relationship of the flower buds to the leaf buds, habitat, flower structure, and whether the leaves were lepidote or non-lepidote. Of the three minor subgenera, all in C, two were discontinued. See Thursday Next series, and Shades of Grey. However, Rhododendron may be small shrub to tall tree (up to 12 m). However, Rhododendron may be small shrub to tall tree (up to 12 m). Later Gao et al. The Laliguras is ruby red in shading. This genus has been progressively subdivided into a hierarchy of subgenus, section, subsection, and species. :53 The juice of rhododendron flower is used to make a squash called burans (named after the flower) in the hilly regions of Uttarakhand.  Mulching and careful watering are important, especially before the plant is established. This division was based on a number of what were thought to be key morphological characteristics. For instance Rhodora (Linnaeus 1763) for Rhododendron canadense, Vireya (Blume 1826) and Hymenanthes (Blume 1826) for Rhododendron metternichii, now R. degronianum. For a comparison of the Sleumer and Chamberlain schemata see Table 1 of Goetsch (2005). The flag is a simplified combination of two single pennons, the vexillological word for a pennant. Species in this genus may be part of the heath complex in oak-heath forests in eastern North America. Nepal is actually land between the high Himalayas and the Indian plains.  while in Scotland species are being conserved by the Rhododendron Species Conservation Group.. :540–541 They can self-propagate by sending up shoots from the roots. Older ranks such as Series (groups of species) are no longer used but may be found in the literature, but the American Rhododendron Society still uses a similar device, called Alliances, Species of the genus Rhododendron are widely distributed between latitudes 80°N and 20°S and are native to areas from North America to Europe, Russia, and Asia, and from Greenland to Queensland, Australia and the Solomon Islands. Xenophon described the odd behaviour of Greek soldiers after having consumed honey in a village surrounded by Rhododendron ponticum during the march of the Ten Thousand in 401 BCE. There are many colours of the flower. , In the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, rhododendron flowers have been used for some time to make popular fruit and flower wines. Larger commercial growers often ship long distances; in the United States, most of them are on the west coast (Oregon, Washington state and California).  It is an introduced species, spreading in woodland areas and replacing the natural understory. The hills of Nepal are coloured red, white or pink during the blooming season of Rhododendron.This flower also got national recognizing as national flower in Nepal. It belongs to Ericaceae family and is the genus of 1024 flowering species. Rhododendron arboreum is also the state tree of the state of Uttarakhand, India. Rhododendron in botanical garden Pruhonice-Czech republic, Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: Rhododendron, The Quarterly Bulletin of the American Rhododendron Society 1947–1981, Journal of the American Rhododendron Society (JARS) 1982–, The Rhododendron, Camellia & Magnolia Group of the Royal Horticultural Society, Rhododendron Species Foundation and Botanical Garden, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh: Rhododendrons at the four Gardens, National Rhododendron Gardens Melbourne Australia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rhododendron&oldid=991924401, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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( 2002 ) used its sequences [ 40 ] to determine a cladistic analysis insects like to devour them.