Periodontitis is a problem in AA patients. The International Academy of Periodontology was established in 1985 to improve knowledge and disseminate information about periodontics worldwide to those who have an interest in the prevention and treatment of diseases of the periodontium by: Advancing international co-operation on a personal basis and in co-operation with national or international periodontal … There has been a recent increase in interest in using xenografts and alloplasts. Total treatment time was calculated in weeks from the time of activation of the orthodontic appliance immediately following the corticotomy procedure to the time of debracketing. The LAP diseased sites had attachment loss ranging from 5-12 mm. The defect was classified as class IV according to Miller's classification of marginal tissue recession. Variation in virulence may help explain differing clinical outcomes of periodontal A. actinomycetemcomitans and P. gingivalis infections. Among the other investigated parameters, age and customary oral hygiene practices were correlated with periodontal pocket formation and clinical attachment loss. The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of a modification of the flap-design of the coronally advanced flap for the treatment of multiple gingival recessions affecting the anterior teeth in patients with aesthetic demands. Ten patients, 24-39 years old referred for treatment to the Department of Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Implant Biology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki took part in the study. A. actinomycetemcomitans and P. gingivalis cannot be eradicated from the great majority of deep periodontal pockets by mechanical debridement alone. Preliminary cytotoxicity studies indicated that 1-10 microg/ml of CMT-8 did not result in statistically significant cell death. Court domicile and place of performance: Chicago, USA. Publications. Because of platelet abnormalities the patient developed postoperative bleeding complications that required management with coagulation factor 7. Clinical and microbiological examinations were carried out before treatment and on weeks 1, 3, 7, 13, 26, 38 and 52 of the experimental period. Clinical periodontal measurements were carried out for all patients at the initial appointment and six months later in the form of pocket depth, attachment level and gingival index. The aim of this study was to assess the effects on the gingiva when an experimental palatal acrylic removable appliance, was worn for 3 weeks. However, the metronidazole gel alone or in combination with scaling does not seem to have any additional clinically significant therapeutic effects over and above those derived from improved oral hygiene resulting from monthly recalls, with or without subgingival scaling. The combined mechanical/antimicrobial treatment for the chlorhexidine group did not result in any reduction in probing depth and only limited reduction of bleeding scores. The present short-term findings, however, encourage further studies with longer observation intervals on adjunctive use of minocycline microspheres in the treatment of periimplant lesions. International Journal of Dentistry publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies in all areas of dentistry, including periodontal diseases, dental implants, oral pathology, as well as oral and maxillofacial surgery. (20 mg, p.o.) In addition, a positive correlation was found between time of EDTA gel conditioning and the degree of PDL cell adhesion. In conclusion, no adverse healing events were noted with the use of allograft in site preservation procedures, and sites treated with the combination of allograft plus resorbable hydroxyapatite showed significantly greater ridge thickness preservation at six months when compared to sites treated with allograft alone (6.8 +/- 1.26 and 5.53 +/- 1.06 respectively). Complete root coverage in all recessions was achieved in four out of the six (67%) treated patients. All individuals were clinically examined and answered a detailed questionnaire. Twenty adult orthodontic patients with moderate crowding of the lower anterior teeth were randomly divided and treated with either a modified technique of corticotomy-facilitated orthodontic tooth movement (Group I) or conventional orthodontic therapy (Group II). Blastogenic response of PBMC to mitogen phytohemagglutinin (PHA) was assessed after 96 h incubation by measuring 3(H)-thymidine incorporation and the results were expressed as net counts per minute. The gingival tissues were swollen and bled easily. Mean pocket depth reduction from baseline in the 1710 patients was 1.82 mm (p < 0.0001) and for the 1095 patients at 6 months it was 1.94 mm (p < 0.0001). The net percentage of change that occurred in bone density from baseline to six months post-treatment was not statistically significantly different between the two groups. Different techniques have been proposed for the treatment of gingival recession. Analysis of clinical findings showed that mechanical instrumentation in combination with TCF application led to a greater improvement in clinical parameters than scaling and root planing only. It also studies the disease and infections affecting them. Only Open Access Journals Only SciELO Journals Only WoS Journals The mean gains in probing attachment level were 2.2 mm, 1.9 mm, 2.7 mm and 1.6 mm, respectively. Blood smear showed presence of intracellular large granules in white blood cells. In 1995, a 44-year-old male patient was referred for a root coverage graft on the upper right central incisor. Recent studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of locally delivered antibiotics adjunctive with scaling and root planing (SRP) in patients with chronic periodontitis. Appropriate periodontal maintenance schedules were followed, and at 6 months clinical and radiographic assessments for soft tissue and hard tissue were performed for documentation and finalization of treatment. Mechanical plaque removal was found to be very effective in the control of gingival inflammation for most patients, but the supplement of toothpastes and mouthwashes with anti-plaque properties may benefit individuals with unperfected plaque control. A split-mouth experimental design was used. The other half were prepared to assess PDL cell adhesion with PDL fibroblasts being cultured and seeded on the root surface for 24 hours then processed for SEM evaluation of the adherent cells. Histomorphometric analyses of sockets grafted with SCPC for 6 months revealed 46.8% +/- 14% new vital bone and 2.5% +/- 1.5% graft material remnants. Clinical re-examinations were performed at 3- and 6-months. This review is carried out to summarize the relationship between thyroid disease and periodontal status. Surgical techniques are used mostly to solve aesthetic problems, since the term "Periodontal Plastic Surgery" has been suggested to indicate surgical procedures performed to correct or eliminate anatomical, developmental or traumatic deformities of the gingiva or alveolar mucosa. All samples were assayed for apoptotic markers, including Fas/FasL, DNAfragmentation, and nitric oxide. The purpose of this study was to examine the biological characteristics of human cultured gingival epithelial sheets by epithelial differentiation and proliferation markers. Specifically, several studies have demonstrated the efficacy of minocycline microspheres (Arestin). Thus, the question as to what extent the combined mechanical/minocycline treatment could be considered adequate for the treated lesions remains to be answered. The purpose of this study was to compare an ultrasonic furcation tip with an ultrasonic conventional tip and a hand scaler on accessibility to furcation areas of mandibular first and second molars. This was followed by a single application of 1 mg of minocycline in the form of Minocycline Periodontal Therapeutic System (MPTS) into one of the four sites selected at random by another clinician, who also randomly selected one of the two sites on the opposite side of the mouth to be designated the Remote site. SEM evaluation of the root planed surfaces in G2 revealed the typical appearance of a smear layer. At the end of the study (day 90), all groups had statistically significant improvement in probing pocket depth (P < 0.02), and in plaque and bleeding indices (P < 0.05) when compared to day 0. The results of the current study suggest that corticotomy-facilitated orthodontic tooth movement significantly reduces the total time of treatment. Subgingival plaque samples were taken at every examination from one selected site in each quadrant. The control teeth received SRP only. There were no serious adverse events in the study. A study was carried out in two villages in a rural area of Andhra Pradesh, India, 150 kilometres south of the state capital, Hyderabad. Thirty-three AA males with documented history of alcohol use were included in this analysis. Furthermore, a sample group of 6 teeth, which had a healthy periodontium, were used to serve as the healthy control (G1). December 2003. In situ hybridisation revealed that fibroblasts did not express IL-8 mRNA whereas keratinocytes and endothelial cells did in IL-1beta- or TNF-alpha-injected mice skin. The majority of proliferating cell nuclear antigen-immunopositive cells was found in the basal layer. Clinical periodontal parameters and standardized periapical radiographs were recorded at baseline, post-orthodontic treatment (time of debracketing) and six months post-operatively. In addition, to assess any correlations between root surface changes following EDTA gel conditioning and periodontal ligament fibroblast adhesion. from 4 to 6 months (i.e. Furthermore, AA males with excessive alcohol use and uncompromised neutrophil function are at greater risk of periodontal tissue damage. In these sockets, the mean bone height resorption over the 6-month period of healing was 1.6 mm +/- 1.5 mm. Four months after grafting, the amount of root coverage obtained was 4 mm. Advancing international co-operation on a personal basis and in co-operation with national or international periodontal societies and research groups and appropriate health organizations; Ensuring that periodontology is adequately represented as a specialty to both the medical and dental professions; Advising in the creation and co-ordination of undergraduate and postgraduate educational programs, especially in countries with limited resources; Disseminating amongst members and others advancements in the theory and practice of periodontology through its publications and educational meetings; and. Previous findings that necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (NUG) is a precursor to noma or cancrum oris were confirmed by the follow-up of these clinical conditions in a study of 45 Colombian patients: necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (NUG, n = 29), necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis (NUP, n = 7) and noma (n = 9). In this review we discuss different types of xenografts and alloplasts, and the advantages and disadvantages of each type. Moreover, the acceleration of tooth movement through the proposed technique motivated patient cooperation. MAIN FINDING: Periodontal therapy in this case series group produced a significant improvement in the clinical condition, butdid not affect metabolic control. Smokers accounted for 62% of patients, and 71% of the patients had severe periodontal disease. It provides access to the Journal of Clinical Periodontology and runs a large conference 'EuroPerio' every three years. From the 12-month results, it was concluded that the metronidazole 25% gel produced positive effects on the clinical parameters and on the subgingival plaque microbiological composition in new, residual or recurrent pockets in previously treated chronic periodontitis patients. Advanced periodontitis is an important symptom of CHS and may be the first step in the diagnosis of the condition. A complete clinical examination and measurements of HbA1c and hs-CRP were evaluated. Locally delivered adjunctive anti-microbial therapy is an effective means to enhance therapeutic outcomes. This study compared the clinical results of gingival recession treatment using a subepithelial connective tissue graft and an acellular dermal matrix allograft. Periodontal status and cytoplasmic enzyme activities in gingival crevicular fluid of type 2 diabetic and/or obese patients with chronic periodontitis. In both studies, clinical parameters were assessed prior to surgery and 6 or 12 months post-surgery. Clinical measurements and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples were obtained at baseline, at 21 days of no oral hygiene and one week later after professional cleaning and re-establishment of oral hygiene procedures. Journal of Periodontology 2005; 76:2033-41. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical and microbiological effects of subgingival application of 25% metronidazole dental gel as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the treatment of adult periodontitis. Platelet function was altered. Comparative clinical evaluation of combination anorganic bovine-derived hydroxyapatite matrix (ABM)/cell binding peptide (P-15) and open flap debridement (DEBR) in human periodontal osseous defects: a 6 month pilot study. However, none of the differences between the study groups were statistically significant (P > 0.05). However, cultured mouse dermal fibroblasts expressed not only IL-8 but also IL-1beta mRNA without stimulation by exogenous IL-1beta and TNF-alpha, and the expression was not enhanced by the exogenous cytokines. Peri‐implant diseases: Consensus Report of the Sixth European Workshop on Periodontology. All patients completed the trial. The additional use of a carbon dioxide laser on the root surface during gingival flap surgery may enhance the clinical attachment and reduce the crevicular IL-1beta concentration. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of alendronate sodium, systemically induced in the treatment of patients with periodontitis. The primary radiographic variables were root length and bone density. Sutures were removed ten days after surgery. The Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology is published quarterly and includes news, comments and scientific reports on all aspects of periodontology. The results of this study suggest that smoking appears to be a major environmental factor associated with accelerated periodontal destruction in an adult urban Greek population with regular oral hygiene habits. The results of the current study suggest that corticotomy-facilitated orthodontic tooth movement using a further modified technique significantly reduces the total time of treatment. Issue Volume 8, Issue 1. Keywords : Periodontics, Pedodontics, Dental Implants, Implants Dentistry, Oral Dentistry, Gingiva, Alveolar Bone, Cementum, Periodontal … The purpose of this investigation was to study the surface topography of periodontally-affected human roots following EDTA gel application at different time periods with and without scaling and root planing. One thousand ninety five patients were treated in accordance with the protocol, and 1710 patients returned for a second assessment but only received one therapeutic intervention. Efficiency of the ultrasonic furcation tip was fairly satisfactory for the horizontal pocket up to the ridge of the furcation roof. The subjects were examined every two months under double-blind conditions. A significant reduction in the percentage of bleeding sites during the six-month study period was found in the AmF/SnF2 group, but not in the control group. Selection of graft material is based on operator preference, type and size of the defect, resorbability of graft material, cost and patient acceptance. MD Scanner. Stefan Zimmer, Professor, Department of Operative and Preventive Dentistry and Endodontics, Section of Periodontology, Heinrich-Heine-University, Düsseldorf, Germany. The ISSN of Journal of Clinical Periodontology journal is 1600051X, 03036979. The International Academy of Periodontology was established in 1985 to improve knowledge and disseminate information about periodontics worldwide to those who have an interest in the prevention and treatment of diseases of the periodontium by: © 2020 International Academy of Periodontology. The gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) was collected at the baseline and biweekly for 6 weeks and the amount of IL-1beta concentration in the sulcular fluid was measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In conclusion, the clinical and microbiological data of the present study suggest that the adjunctive use of TCF improves the clinical response of scaling and root planing in aggressive periodontitis patients. The purpose of the present investigation was to study the effect of age on interleukin-1alpha (Il-1alpha) and interleukin-1beta (Il-1beta) production during experimental gingivitis. CHS patients have immune system abnormalities, bleeding abnormalities, and multiple infections including periodontitis. Periodontol.”. Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans is an important pathogen of periodontitis in young individuals. All periapical radiographs were taken with a long cone paralleling technique under normal clinical practice conditions. The European Federation of Periodontology is a federation of 29 member societies for dentists specialising in Periodontics across Europe. The study was conducted on 360 artificial molars that were replicated from 30 mandibular first molars and 30 second molars with silicone impression material and resin. : International Academy of Periodontology, 1999 Druck-Ausgabe, 1999-2015: Material Type: Internet resource: Document Type: Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource: All Authors / Contributors: Extraction sockets were grafted with granules of SCPC. However, group III had statistically significantly greater improvement (P < 0.03) in probing pocket depth than groups I, II and IV. Generously provided by Érica Dorigatti de Avila from the Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry at Araraquara, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP, Araraquara, São Paulo, Brazil. Similar results were obtained in smokers, diabetes patients and patients with a history of cardiovascular disease. After six months, both treatments were able to preserve ridge thickness, considering the pre-operative values. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the use of Arestin in a study using private practices all over the United States and adopting a predefined protocol. Nevertheless, no changes were present for HbA1c; a reduction in hs-CRP of 1.37 mg/L (2.67) was present. An International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) is a unique code of 8 digits. Thus the new technique was considered more suitable for the treatment of gingival recessions with the allograft. This assigns importance to non-surgical therapy and to the bone condition because of its influence on the morphology of the defects. Comparisons of G-AP, CP and H groups were performed using the Kruskal-Wallis and Bonferroni-corrected Mann-Whitney U test. His work appeared in such major dental journals as the Journal of Periodontology, the Journal of Periodontal Research, the Journal of the American Dental Association, the International Journal of Periodontics and Restorative Dentistry and Periodontology 2000. The aetiology and pathogenesis of periodontal disease may involve dysfunctions in the cellular immune responses. Fifteen adults (13 males, 2 females) with moderate to advanced adult periodontitis were recruited for the study. At re-examination, subjects judged to need periodontal surgery were treated and re-examined after a further 3 months. A 13-year-old African American male presented with severe gingival inflammation, generalized gingival bleeding, and tooth looseness. Then the models were instrumented on the buccal or lingual aspects by an experienced operator with each of the following instruments: an ultrasonic furcation tip, an ultrasonic conventional tip and a hand scaler. Statistical analysis using Student's paired t-test analyses of patient mean value from 10 patients revealed that the combination ABM/P-15 grafts demonstrated significantly better mean defect fill of 3.4+/-1.7 mm (73.2%) versus a mean defect fill of 0.6 mm (15.8%) for defects treated with DEBR. Gingival histopathology showed an intense chronic inflammatory cell infiltrate and presence of numerous filamentous bacteria. Soft tissue findings showed significant differences among treatments with ABM/P-15 compared to DEBR. a. was rarely observed. All subjects were free from systemic illness. ISSN : 2581-9836. The goal of antiretroviral therapy is the maximum suppression of viral load, restoration or preservation of immune function, improvement of quality of life and reduction of HIV-related morbidity and mortality. Several studies have shown that the probability of achieving lasting stability as measured by the arrest of progressive attachment loss and bone loss by primary mechanical therapy is a function, in major part, of whether pathogenic microorganisms are still present at local subgingival sites at the completion of active therapy. In AA males with excessive alcohol use, neutrophils show depressed NBK. Each subject was treated with a single episode of scaling and root-planing (SRP), of approximately 90 minutes duration using ultrasonic and hand instrumentation under local anaesthetic, if indicated. These gingival changes reversed to baseline levels during the recovery period when the horizontal pocket depth was from! On agar plates supplemented with the Adjacent sites ( P=0.04 ) measurements also increased significantly on the upper central... Were clinically examined and answered a international journal of periodontology questionnaire been described, whereby chronic periodontal could! 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